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General Glossary of Terms

What you have here are explanations of several terms that are commonly used in the computer world. Each term is cross-referenced with its French equivalent and with other pertinent term in the glossary.

Should you find any kind of error or come across a term that does not appear here and that you don't know its meaning, please, drop me a line and I'll reasearch it for you.

This glossary is aimed at people that are not computer profesionals and therefore most the terms and concepts have been voluntarily simplified.

 

1-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L| M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y| Z

 

1-9

32-bit/64-bit (also see: bit; voir ce terme en français):

32-bit and 64-bit are terms that refer to the computer's processing unit to ability to process information. A 64-bit CPU is more powerful than a 32-bit CPU. A 64-bit processor is able to manage information with the equivalent of the square of the power of a 32-bit processor.

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A

Address Bar (also see: browser; voir ce terme en français):

the address bar is the area in which you type the address of the web site you want to see. The address bar is usually located in the upper area of the browser.

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Antispyware (also see: spyware, malware, virus; voir ce terme en français):

NT spire or software is do we mean a similar to the antivirus except that instead of targeting viruses, and it targets spy ware. Like the antivirus software, it needs to be updated regularly in order to be effective.

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Antivirus (also see: virus, malware, spyware; voir ce terme en français):

basically he your computer from viruses and other threats that come from the Internet. The antivirus software can be compared to immune system viruses, quarantine them, that is isolate them, remove them or delete them destroying them.

Like its you human counterpart, the antivirus software needs to learn and adapt to the new threats that are actually out there in the cyber world. In other words, the fairly frequently, at least once a week if not more often. There are several types of antivirus software requiring to pay a certain fee.

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Application (also see: utility, software; voir ce terme en français):

The term application is a generic term that refers to software that is designed to accomplish a specific task.

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Audio Card (also see: video card, RAM; voir ce terme en français):

D. audio card is the computer component that processes all the audio inputs and outputs. It can be integrated with the motherboard or it can be separate from the motherboard. Typically, if it is separated from the motherboard, it is usually more powerful.

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B

Bandwidth (also see: data; voir ce terme en français):

Bandwidth is a term that refers to the amount of data that can be transferred from one computer to another. If an image could be used, it would be like the quantity of water that can be transferred from one point to another from upstream to downstream in a certain amount of time. Bandwidth works roughly the same it's a quantity of information that is transferred at a specific rate.

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Binary (also see: decimal, hexadecimal, octadecimal; voir ce terme en français):

The binary system is a mathematical system that uses only zeros and ones. usually understand only whether the switch is on or off, namely whether or not they are receiving or not an instruction, the binary system is why at is most useful for a computer. The computer system cannot work in anything else than binary. From that point, the binary is translated into something more intelligible for humans, namely, but decimal system.

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Bit (also see: 32-bit / 64-bit, byte; voir ce terme en français):

A bit is a piece of information that is constructed with a zero or a one. A bit is also be building block of the binary numerical system. bit is either on or off,a zero for a one.

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BIOS (voir ce terme en français):

The acronym BIOS stands for basic input output system. the BIOS is basically a way to takes all the machine code and, first of all, activate the operating system, and everything else on the computer. Typically, the BIOS is hardcoded, that is, once the instructions are actually inputed, they cannot be changed.

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Blue Screen of Death (voir ce terme en français):

The blue screen of death is an expression that is used by computer programmers to describe the beautiful blue screen that appears when Windows decides to crash. When that happens, something has gone very, very wrong. Windows is the only operating system to actually have a screen of death.

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Bootstrapping or Booting (also see: hibernate, standby mode, shutting down; voir ce terme en français):

This action refers to the act of starting up the computer itself.

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Browser (also see: surfing, http, address bar; voir ce terme en français):

The browser is the piece of software that allows the user to surf the Web. that translates all the information coming from the Web into usable information for the human interface.

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BSD (also see: operating system, Unix; voir ce terme en français):

knee as D. is an operating system that comes from the Berkeley software depository. that operating system comes in a lot of flavors, just like linux, except that it's number is very much limited. the different versions of D. are the following: FreeBSD, TCB is D., open B. is the, net bee is D.

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Button (also see: dialog box; voir ce terme en français):

a button is a graphic interface that is used by the computer to simulate a button to be pressed by the pointer in order to achieve a desired effect, typically, opening a window, a lowering a window, answering a question or acknowledging in order.

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Byte (also see: bit; voir ce terme en français):

A byte, is also known as an octet. a byte is composed of eight bits and has therefore 8 character's. when strung together to make 256 combinations of characters. See also octet.

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C

CD (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Cd is an acronym of compact disc. A compact disc is a desk that stores information and that can be read typically using a high power highly focused light being inside a CD drive. The most common usage of CDs is to record music. There exists another type of CD that can be burned in order to store information as backup to the actual computer itself.

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CD/DVD Drive (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a CD/DVD drive serves exactly the same purpose as a floppy drive, except that it reads CDs and DVDs instead of floppy disks.

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Closing (a window) (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

closing a window refers to the action the close button on the interface window in order to remove the window from the desktop.

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Commandline Interface (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The commandline interface is the other type of interface that the user can use to interact with the computer. It requires knowledge of several commands, such as the commands required to access the computer, to write and to copy and to delete filed documents. To say the least, it is a lot less user-friendly than the graphic user interface which is the reason why most computer interfaces today are graphic user interfaces.

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CPU (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The acronym CPU stands for central processing unit. It is basically the heart and mind of the computer and that is basically where all the thinking takes place., the more powerful the CPU, the faster it can process information, and give a good response to the user. The CPU is basically the manager of everything that goes on on the computer.

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Cursor (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A cursor it is also known as a pointer. It appears and your screen as either an arrow or any other shape but you may have chosen. The cursor is controlled by the mouse and basically points that whatever objects on your desktop that you need to use.

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D

Data (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Data is a generic term that designates anything that can be considered information on the computer. It can be zeros and ones, music files, video files or text documents, data is information.

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Decimal (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the decimal numeric system the number 10. Namely, it uses 10 values, from zero to nine. The decimal system is the one that all human beings use in everyday life.

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Desktop (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

is a term that designates the actual area on the screen where several icon may or may not be displayed them that can be organized in any fashion that the user chooses.

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Dialog Box (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A dialog box is an interface that is used by the computer in order to convey a message to the user. The message can be of any kind of nature, from security issues to low-power or anything else that requires the attention of the user. typically, the dialog box will have a button that the user will be required to push.

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Domain name (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A domain name is the name by which we identify a web site. For example: www.google.com. In this case, Google would be the domain name. domain names can't have just about all sorts of names and configuration, including numbers.

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Domain Name Extensions (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Domain name extensions are basically similar to filename extensions except that they are used on domain names. Those extensions typically determine the usage or the nationality of a domain. Example: Google.com would have a .com extension and that would be a commercial web site. Google.ca would have a .ca extension that would be a Canadian site.

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Download (also see: upload; voir ce terme en français):

Downloading refers to the act of taking information from the net and putting it on your computer. Namely, taking information down from the Internet and into your computer.

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Drive (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the drive is a generic term that designates any computer item that has to work with an outside information source. Examples of drives are:CD drives, floppy drives, hard drives, USB drive, external hard drives, et cetera.

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Driver (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The driver is a piece of software that serves as an interface between the operating system and the actual physical components of the computer. a driver is basically that which translates the operating system's instructions to the physical hardware that composes a computer. Without drivers, the computer would not be able to tell each and every individual component to do such and such task.

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DVD (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

DVD is an acronym that stands for digital video disk. A DVD is basically the same as a CD, except that it is able to store information at a lot higher density that a CD Period it can take roughly seven to eight times more information than your average CD.

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E

Encryption (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Encryption is a method of making sure that the information transferred from one computer to another, in the event that it is captured by a third-party, will not be understandable unless the third-party actually has the key to decrypt the message that's being transferred. Encryption is used when sensitive information is being transferred from one computer to another. Examples of that: when the user does Bank transactions online, obviously that user does not want anyone to have access to his bank account, so the information between his computer and the bank computer is encrypted.

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Encryption Keys (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

An encryption key is a mathematical formula that contain several variables that scramble the information that is being sent to a point where it is completely impossible to understand it unless you have the actual key, namely, the mathematical formula to do the reverse and decrypt information.

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Error 18 (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

This type of error is caused by the item sitting in about 18 inches in front the computer screen (...!).

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F

File (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a file is a generic term that designates any poor of information contained on your computer hard drive, or any other information storage unit to, that basically stores information. A file could be compared to a real world document, such as a book aura of file containing papers. A file can also contain in operational information, such as data to actually run a program.

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File format (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A file format, or a file extension, refers to the type of file that you are interacting with. Some files you can interact with directly, other types of files you cannot. There are several hundred different types of file formats, or file types, and here are a few examples: text documents (), image files, sound files, video files, system files, temporary files, torrent files, shortcuts, application files, etc.

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Firewall (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a firewall is a software as protection against incoming Internet connections. A firewall basically it is a virtual wall that prevents or unfriendly connections from connecting to your computer or prevents your computer unfriendly or unwanted web sites and addresses.

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Floppy disk (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A floppy disk is a removable medium that comes in three formats: the oldest one, from which the term floppy disk comes from, is a very low capacity (by today's standards), 5.25 inch in width. it is not rigid and can be bent and information can be lost easily with this type of floppy disk.

The second type of floppy disk is a 3.5" diskette that contains roughly 1.4 MB of information. it's casing is rigid but it can still be damaged fairly easily.

the third type of disk contains roughly 200 MB of information. Its casing is also rigid.

Do not confuse floppy disks with hard drives.

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Floppy drive (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A floppy drive is a drive in which a floppy disk is inserted. It reads the content of the floppy disk and is connected to the computer. See drives.

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Folder (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a folder on any computer is similar to a folder in the real world: it contains several documents: or files: in the same place so the information can be properly classified organized.

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Format (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Formatting is the action that takes a hard drive and wipes everything that is contained in it. There are several types of formatting, the two most frequent encountered are, on Windows, NTFS and fat 32. On other systems, such as linux and Mac the formatting could be ext2, or ext3.

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FTP (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

This acronym stands for file transfer protocol. it is the protocol has been used on the intranet in order to transfer files from one computer to another Period.

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G

GUI (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the graphic user interface is basically what is on the screen to interface with the human. the graphic user interface is in opposition with the command line interface. The graphic user interface typically has a lot of buttons and other graphic features that can be interacted with using the pointer. It is typically very intuitive and easier to operate than the commandline.

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H

Hacking (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Hacking refers to the act of hacking software in order to make it better. Generally speaking, hackers are people that reverse engineer software and or improve the software itself. hacking it is not to be confused with Cracking.

Air hacking have be considered treated and legitimate, cracking it is a malicious activitywhose objective is true damage software.

soft that's been pirated is also known as cracked software.

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Hard Disk / Drive (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a hard disk is a physical piece of a hardware that stores information. the hard disk is inside the computer itself and cannot be removed without expensively opening the actual computer casing. Hard disks also come in and an external variety; those are called external hard drives.

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Hardware (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Hardware is basically anything that you can actually touch that is part of your computer system. That includes the hard drives, the keyboard the screen and everything else I can actually be physically manipulated Period

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Hexadecimal (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The hexadecimal system is based on the number 16. It basically works roughly the same way as any other system of counting, except that instead of having values that go from zero to nine, like the decimal system, it goes from zero to 15.

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Hibernate (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

This refers to the act of requiring the computer to shut down, but contrary to shutting down, the computer it will save everything that the user had been doing in order to restore it quickly when the computer restarts.

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HTML (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

HTML stands for hypertext markup language. It is a programming language that is used to create web pages and most of the other items that are on the Internet.

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HTTP (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

This acronym stands for hypertext transfer protocol. is the protocol that is used between browsers in order to exchange information on the Internet.

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I

Icon (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

And icon is a small image that represents a link, a folder or, or any other objects On the computer. The icons serves as a visual interface between the user and the computer. Icons can have all manners of sizes and shapes and colors and can be located anywhere within the filesystem of the computer.

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IDE and Sata (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

part two acronyms that describe in two different types of hard disk connections. The IDE connection is the older one. The sata connection are becoming standard.

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Image (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

An image refers to a copy of some other information source. That is, it could be an image of a disk, in which case the entire contents of the disc would be president on the image but there would be no physical disk per se. Or, it could be the image of your system, that is, a copy of everything that you have on your system stored in another storage device as an image.

Images can be interacted with almost the same way as any other files or document.

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IP Address (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the acronym IP address stands for Internet protocol address . An IP addresses a group of four numbers that go from zero to 256 and that are sepa a dot. a typical format for those IP address would be: 192. 168. 100. 95. As IP addresses begin to become rare, a new version of IP addresses will eventually be introduced. That type of IP address is called IP V6. As the name implies, instead of having four groups of numbers, it will have six.

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J

Java (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

As Java is a programming language, among many others, that is platform independent. That is, it can be run on any type of operating system.

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JavaScript (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

JavaScript is not Java!JavaScript is a scripting language that is used in browser programming in order to add functionalities to the said browser and making the surfing experience more enjoyable.

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K

Kernel (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the term kernel designates the heart of the operating system. the operating system's kernel is basically all the main functions that make the operate system work. It is a set of commands that differentiates one system from another.

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kilo-, mega-, giga-, tera- (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Those prefixes referred to an order of magnitude. That is, if one takes one bit,1 kb with the 1000 times a bit.mega refers to a million, giga refers to a billion, and Tara refers to a trillion.

note: 1 kB does not equal exactly 1000 bits. It is actually 1024. And 1 MB does not equal 1000 kB,1 MB equakB 1024 kB.

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L

Language (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a computer language is exactly like human language. It has vocabulary, it has a syntax and grammar and has an order. there are great many number of computer languages. Each every one of those computer languages serves a distinct purpose in order to acquit itself of a specific task. The actual vocabulary of a computer is also known as quote commands unquote.

some of the most commonly known languages: Java,c, C. sharp, HTML, Visual Basic, and many others.

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Linux (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Linux is the kernel of an operating system just like Windows. It is the most common operating system that do not use Windows. linux in itself is not one single operating system; linux is a huge family of over 200 different distribution.

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Log Off / Out (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

logging off refers to the Acta of closing the computer session that one was using and making sure when the computer is turned on again, at password and a username are to be used.

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Log On / In (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

logging on refers to the act of going on a computer that is protected by password and to enter one's username and password in order to have access to all the functions of the computer system.

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Lowering (a window) (also see: closing, restoring, increase; voir ce terme en français):

This act refers to the action of clicking on the lower button in order to put the window in the taskbar and clearing it from the desktop in order to unclutter it.

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M

Mac OS X (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the Mac OSx operating system is based on the FreeBSD operating system. The MacOS X, has improved on several characteristics in order to make it unique to the apples operating system.

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Malware (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

malware is a generic term that designates all sorts of malicious software that can damage your computer system.

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Motherboard (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A motherboard is the main board on which all of the basic computer systems are on. The motherboard contains all the circuits in all he lays and all the relays required to connect all of the computer components together. it is basically the sole of the entire computer.

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Mouse (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a Maus it is a device that is plugged into your computer that controls the pointer that is on your screen. It can have either a laser tracking or a trackball. The trackball type is slowly being replaced by the laser tracking mice as the latter does not yet dirty.

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N

Notification Area (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the notification area is used by the computer when it has messages to display for the user. Typically, displayed are regarding updates, security issues and low disk space. Some other types of messages may appear from time to time.

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O

Octadecimal (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

octadecimal is a system that is based on eight, rather than ones and zeros, or like the decimal system's from zero to nine.

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Opening (a window) (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

This action refers to the act of clicking on an icon and opening an interface in order to be able to interact with the software or the contents of the file or the folder.

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Open source (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Open source is a term that refers to either software or literature that has been created with the express intention of not having any copyrights on it. That means that the user free to take the software, look at it, analyze it, reverse engineer it, and eventually modify it to suit his own needs. All this is done with the express permission of the original creators.

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Operating System (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):


an operating system is basically what makes a computer ago. run this each and every system and component that has been installed on the actual physical machine. The operating system, or OS for short, comes in a variety of quoth flavors on to.

There are a different types of operating systems some of them operating within what to call familiar surroundings and others that are more targeted to specific environment server operations or military applications.

Here are some examples of several different types of operating systems: the most common is window,but we also have something called Lin Ickes, there's also was another operating system called bsd and yet still another called Solaris.
you can click on each operating system link and check it out for yourselves.

The operating system runs basically has the master of your computer all the physical elements that your physical computer is composed of. Namely, the operating system runs the keyboard, the mouse, the screen, the speaker in the sound system, the Internet connection, the hard drives, this CD drive, the power consumption, and everything else that your computer needs in order to operate properly.

without an operating system the computer itself would just be a big metal box, and quite useless as well. For all intents and purposes, the Master and Commander of how things work on your computer. as an interface retained the human and the actual machine and the machine language.

there are two big families of operating systems: the most common one nowadays is of a family of operating systems based on window was and aid in other family based on an operating system called UNIX. There is a 80% chance that your computer is right now running on window. Though Windows operating system is the most commonly used throughout the world. Roughly 4 out of five computers in the world now currently use Windows one version or another.

The other big family is based on what is called UNIX operating systems. This big family is composed of the following: the most commonly know it is called linux, from which stemmed at least 200 different distribution. Of three burqa Lee software depository, or free PSD, as it came to be known, is also part of the big UNIX family. Solaris, along with eight I asked an several others less known operating systems are also based on UNIX.

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P

Partition (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a partition on a hard drive, to use an image, is like a slice of a pie, where the entire pie would be the hard drive. While not exactly cut, per se, a partition behaves exactly like a separate hard drive. Partitions can be useful in order to organize properly information on a hard drive, especially if there is a lot of information to store of different nature.

there are three types of partitions, primary partitions, extended partitions, and logical partitions. Some operating systems require that they be installed on the primary partitions Period typically, most hard drives cannot be divided into more than four primary partitions. Primary partitions however can be divided into extended partitions of unlimited number. A logical partition is basically a partition that comprises both primary and extended partition.

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Password (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The password is a key phrase or a random set of characters that serves to authenticate and validate if the user is authorized to use a said computer. in the event that the passport is incorrect, access to the computer will be denied. Should it prove correct, the password will determine what type of access a user will have.

Passwords have different types and level of strength. Obviously, stronger passwords are better. In order to create a strong password, the user should choose a password of at least eight characters and of those eight characters, there should be a combination of upper and lowercase letters, special characters, such as hyphen or dashes or exclamation marks and numbers. The longer the better.

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Plug-and-Play (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

plug-and-play is an expression that designates the concept of plugging in your hardware and that it will be ready to use after it is plugged.

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Plug-in (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

As the term says it, a plug-in is a piece of software that is added to another piece of software in order to give it extra functionalities.

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Q

Quick Launch (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The quick launch icon is an icon that requires only one click in order to launch the application instead of the conventional two clicks required to launch an application when it is on the desktop.

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R

RAM (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

RAM, or random access memory,is the memory that the computer uses while it is activated. This memory, is used only when the computer is activated and contains only temporary information. this temporary information includes all the parameters that the operating system needs in order to operate. the more RAM you have, the more I work you can do it the same time on the computer system.

An interesting metaphor to describe what RAM is,is the following: if your office desk is big enough, you can have many projects that are open on the desk itself. If you have a smaller desk, you can only have and papers opened on your desk at any one time. The same goes for RAM: the more RAM you have, the more work you can do it the same time.

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ROM (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

On, or read-only memory, it is what some people might actually call dead memory. From itself is basically information in its raw state and can be read directly from a media. Some media allow modification of the information, and others,such as CDs, don't.

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Router (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A router, as its name implies, is a piece of hardware that routs the information in from one computer to another. Sometimes they have auxiliary functions, such as firewall.

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RPM (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Rpm is an acronym for revolutions minute. a disk in one minute.

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S

Screen (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a screen is the actual visible surface on which all the information it is displayed that comes from the computer to the human the human actually interact with the computer using the displayed information.

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Select (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

To select means to take your mouse and move the pointer on an icon and click on it so that it becomes highlighted.

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Server (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A server is either a local or remote machine,that manages part of a network or a network by itself. Network is basically a group of computers linked together that that perform individual or common tasks under the management single computer that one is called the server.

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Shutting Down (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

This refers to the act of requiring the computer to down without saving anything in its RAM. With a computer shuts down, anything that has not been saved on the hard disks, will be lost.

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Software (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Software is a generic term that designates any and all program that basically does something, any task required, for the user. It can be anything, going from the actual operating system, to finance tasks and playing music and any thing in between. It is important to know that a disk is not software. the software itself is a virtual product; it cannot be tied to it cannot be seen, it can only be used by the user on a computer.

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Solaris (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Solaris is another operating system family that is based on UNIX. Solaris has been mostly used in military applications and in other areas where extreme reliability is required. Solaris is not known, per se, as being very user-friendly . Solaris used to be part of Sun Microsystems, and has also created an open source project called open Solaris.

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Spyware (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Spy ware is a word coming from the contraction of spying software. Basically what that type of malicious software doesis this: it lands on your computer through various means runs through all the files that exist on your computer, trying to find some bit of information that can be used by a third-party. Obviously, this information as not taken with your consent. In other words, it is stolen from you. Information typically targeted by spy ware include: credit card numbers,birthdays, your full name, biometric data, passwords for your e-mail or bank accounts, information that could lead to some sort of monetary gain or advantage for the third-party.

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Spam (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Spam is a term that designates unsolicited e-mail sent to you. It can contain any types of ads, web links, fishing scans, prescription or over-the-counter drugs, sex toys, vitamins, and all sorts of other useless junk. Spam is the electronic version of junk mail in a your mailbox at home.

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Standby Mode (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

This refers to the act of requiring the computer to shut down, but not completely. what this setting does is basically put the computer on a low-power consumption mode. In order to restart the computer, typically one has to hit only a key on the keyboard

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Start Button (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The start button, when pressed, opens a menu that shows all the programs and applications that are located on the computer. This is basically the main area where the user should go when he tries to open application. Some applications may or may not be present in the menu depending on their actual use.

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Subdomain (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a subdomain is literally that: is a subdivision of a domain name. For example: www.subdomain.example.com. In this example, the word subdomain is the subdomain.

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Surfing (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

surfing refers to the action of going on the Internet and browsing through the different web sites while not necessarily staying on one specific web site. It in

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Taskbar (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The Taskbar is the bar that is located at the bottom of the screen and that contains at the left the start button, and at the right, the clock and other small icons.

The Taskbar is very versatile since it can be moved up down left or right, and several icons can be added in order to accelerate the starting up of software. The Taskbar is divided into several sections, there is the start button section, the quick launch icon section the main section, where all the window buttons are located, the notification area, where some messages will appear as a computer sorts through its inputs, and the clock area.

The taskbar is a concept that is almost universally used on all operating systems, with a few operating differences from system to system, and sometimes a difference in name.

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Theme (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the theme is a collection of patterns and colors that are being used at a certain moment on the computer to give a certain flavor to the user interface of the computer.

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Trojan Horse (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A Trojan wars is a piece of malicious software that disguises itself as something legitimate. The name comes from the Greek tale of the Trojan wars where the Greek soldiers hid inside a big wooden horse. A Trojan horse malicious software is basically a hit in inside piece of software, whether it's a application, a video file a music file, or any other file that might seem to you legitimate.

Like its cousin of the virus, there are some that are completely harmless where as there are others that can be lethal to your computer system.

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U

Upload (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Uploading refers to the act of taking information from your computer to the Internet; namely, pushing upwards information to a web site.

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URL (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

This acronym that stands for Universal resource locator. This is also a synonym for a Web address, that is the in the address bar in your browserthat starts with www.

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USB Port (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A USB port, or Universal Serial Bus port to, is basically a plug in which you USB plugged in.

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Username (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A username, is a means to identify a user. Typically a username can be anything, from an actual name, or number, to a random set of characters.

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Utility (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A utility is a software that is designed for specific maintenance task on the computer or on a network. Is basically used in order to facilitate programming computer settings with a minimum of interaction between hard coding and the machine itself. it's basically there to help the user get a task done without having to code some scripts in order to get the job done.

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V

Video Card (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The video card, like its sister the audio curd, is a component of the processes video inputs and outputs. And again, like the audio card, it can be integrated with the motherboard or he can be separated from the motherboard. typically, if it is separated from the motherboard, it is usually more powerful.

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Virtual (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

The term virtual refers to the fact that it does not have an actual physical shape or form. That means that a drive can be virtual, that is it would not be physically present on your computer, or a disk image could be virtual that is it would not exist as a disk per se, but would behave as such.

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Virus (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

A virus is a malicious piece of software that behaves almost exactly Lake a biological virus: it targets certain types of command or systems on your computer, and then replicates itself in order to take over that command or your computer. Some viruses are completely harmless while some others are actually extremely dangerous for the help of your computer Period in fact some of them can be quite lethal to your computer in the sense that if they are not healed, the computer system will need to be white and reformatted completely.

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W

Web Host (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

a web host is a company that uses servers in order to host the actual web sites that are on its servers. Is basically a service that is offered to each and every one that wants to have a presence on the Web. A web host offers Web hosting packages that have a variety of options.

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Wired and Wireless (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

the terms wired and wireless referred to the types of connections that exists between computer systems. If it is wired, that means that a wire goes from one computer to another and sometimes, before going to the other computer, goes through a router or switch. In the case of wireless connections, the connection is made with radio waves. On some systems, there is an infrared port that allows the transfer of information in a way similar to remote controls on televisions. In the case of radio waves, an antenna is required on both computers in order to transmit the information and receive it.

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Windows (also see: ; voir ce terme en français):

Windows is it an operating system. Is the most common operating system in the world today. Microsoft is the company that created window. Windows is a patent protected, closed source, and copyrighted operating system. In the versions of does that have existed so far are: Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows vista, and recently Windows 7.

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Copyright 2008-2011 Joseph Wakil Tous droits réservés